Friday, June 10, 2022, the Astronomy Research Group, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bandung Institute of Technology held an online colloquium with the topic “Welcoming the Solar Eclipse April 20, 2023: 2023 Total Solar Eclipse Bosscha Observatory Program”. The colloquium material was delivered by Yatny Yulianty, Booscha Observatory Staff. The colloquium was held online through the Zoom Meeting platform and broadcast live through the Astronomy Study Program Youtube channel.
Before Yatny delivered her presentation, Premana W. Premadi as Head of the Bosscha Observatory gave a welcoming speech first. Nana, as her nickname, said that it was very important to prepare from the beginning everything related to the rare phenomenon that will occur next year, the Total Solar Eclipse (Gerhana Matahari Total, GMT), both in terms of socialization, education, and outreach to the public regarding the attractiveness of this phenomenon. Next year, 2023, will be a very extraordinary year. Besides GMT, 2023 is the year that Bosscha Observatory will be 100 years old. Nana invites all people to be happy and participate in preparing and succeeding the phenomenon that will occur next year and invites Yatny to start the presentation.
GMT 20 April 2023 will be slightly different from the previous GMT 2016 because most of the totality path of the eclipse will pass through water areas and only a few land areas in Indonesia will be passed by the totality path. At GMT 2023 this will be a hybrid eclipse, in which parts of Indonesia will experience total and partial eclipse phenomena. Some areas that will experience the total eclipse phenomenon are 2 provinces, namely Papua and Maluku. Meanwhile, almost all other parts of Indonesia received the phenomenon of a partial solar eclipse, only a small part at the tip of the island of Sumatra did not get an eclipse at all.
Bosscha Observatory makes the GMT 2023 program quite long, starting from the pre-eclipse program, during the eclipse, and after the eclipse. This program is divided into two major programs, namely Education for Schools and Education for Communities.
The Education Program for Schools is specifically targeted at the formal school community or civitas from elementary to middle levels. In addition, it also targets teachers, educational facilitators, and the amateur astronomer community. This program is in the form of teaching materials devoted to eclipses as a complement to teaching materials in schools in a simple, clear, and compact manner. Later on, the formal school community, teachers, educational facilitators, and amateur communities who work together on solar eclipse activities and education will receive an eclipse education package. This eclipse education package is an educational kit to assist teachers and educators in presenting the science of astronomy, especially eclipses, to children aged 4-13 years throughout Indonesia.
In addition to preparing teaching materials, Bosscha Observatory also helps prepare effective delivery methods, including conducting teacher training and education facilitators as well as working together to test the teaching materials that have been prepared. From the cooperation that is built, educational activities and joint solar observations will be held.
Meanwhile, the Community Education Program will be aimed at the general public and astronomy enthusiasts. Bosscha Observatory will provide information related to the eclipse that is easily accessible and understandable through the Bosscha Observatory Website page and conduct campaigns through social media channels. Just like the previous program, in the education program for the community, Bosscha Observatory will hold training/workshops, education and eclipse dissemination for people who are interested in watching and capturing the eclipse moments in the form of seminars/webinars. Bosscha Observatory will also hold eclipse observation activities with the community in locations that are passed by the eclipse path through eclipse expedition activities. In fact, Bosscha Observatory will provide virtual observation services with a wider target range through live streaming of solar eclipse observations.
Bosscha Observatory invites those who are interested, especially teachers, school community, and the astronomy community, as well as astronomy students and alumni to become Eclipse Ambassadors and Eclipse Friends. Eclipse Ambassadors are persons who receives an eclipse education package who will carry out eclipse education activities both before, during, and after the eclipse. Referring to the previous eclipse, Eclipse Ambassadors will be asked to make a pinhole box which is the simplest instrument for observing eclipses. Apart from Eclipse Ambassadors, there are Eclipse Comrades, those who will help Bosscha Observatory to prepare eclipse education packages, both in the production process and delivery.
Finally, if you are interested in contributing and participating to the 2023 Total Solar Eclipse, Bosscha Observatory will provide further information on the website: https://bosscha.itb.ac.id/id/gmt2023/. [M. Hasan Faadillah]